Common Time Measure (Years of 2800 B.C. & 1752)
1 third (''') = 1/60'' (H0·00·00·01) 0H 0' 0" 1'''
1 second (") (sec.) = 60''' (H0·00·01) 0H 0' 1"
1 minute (') (min.) = 60" (H0·01) 0H 1'
1 hour (hr.) = 60' (H1) 1H
1 sidereal hr. = 5,472,000 ft. (avge. 1/24 Equator/meridian)
1 hr. = 0.4166666 Napoleon Emperor's Republic of Europe heure (Year of 1804)
1 mean sidereal day = 24 hr. sidereal (23 hr. 56' 4" solar)
1 mean sidereal day = mean star measure of Earth's Equator or latitude or North Pole or South Pole
1 mean solar day = 24 hr. 3' 56.65" sidereal (24 hr. solar)
1 mean solar day = mean sun measure of Earth's Equator or latitude or North Pole or South Pole
1 civil day (latium) = 12 a.m. to 11·59·59·59 p.m. (solar time only)
1 astronomical day = 12 M to 11·59·59·59 a.m. (sidereal time only)
1 lunar or tidal day = about 24·50 hr.   (solar time only)
noon = 12 M   (Meridiem)
afternoon = 12·00·00·01 p.m. to 11·59·59·59 p.m. (post meridiem)
morning = 12 a.m. to 11·59·59·59 a.m. (ante meridiem)
1 week or sennight = 7 days (1 sennight - 7 nights)
Sunday (Sabbath/Lord's) = 1st day R.S.F. only use the day no., never day name
Monday = 2nd day " " " "
Tuesday = 3rd day " " " "
Wednesday = 4th day " " " "
Thursday = 5th day " " " "
Friday = 6th day " " " "
Saturday = 7th day " " " "
1 fortnight = 2 wk. (1 fortnight - 14 nights)
1 month = 2 fortnights  
March - 31 days = 1st now 3rd mth. Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)
April - 30 days = 2nd now 4th mth. " " " "
May - 31 days = 3rd now 5th mth. " " " "
June - 30 days = 4th now 6th mth. " " " "
July - 31 days = 5th now 7th mth. " " " "
August - 31 days = 6th now 8th mth. " " " "
September - 30 days = 7th now 9th mth. " " " "
October - 31 days = 8th now 10th mth. " " " "
November - 30 days = 9th now 10th mth. " " " "
December - 31 days = 10th now 12th mth. " " " "
January - 31 days = 11th now 1st mth. " " " "
February - 28/29 days = 12th now 2nd mth. " " " "
numbers only = R.S.F. only use the month no. and monthday no., never the month name
old New Year's Day = Annunciation to Mary Day ban Reform. Presbyterian Ch. of Scot. Mar.25 1599
new New Year's Day = Circumcision of Jesus Day ban Reformed Presb. Ch. of Scotland Jan.1 1600
old New Year's Day = Annunciation to Mary Day ban Congregational Ch. of Ct.&Mass. Mar.25 1751
new New Year's Day = Circumcision of Jesus Day ban State Cong. Ch. of Conn. & Mass. Jan.1 1752
non-existent days = 3rd to 13th September 1752 (Earl of Chesterfield's calendar incl. Scotland)
Julian calendar = instituted by Dictator & Pontiff Julius Caesar (Year of 46 Before Christ)
Ld. Chesterfield's calendar = instituted in United Kingdom (incl. Scotland) & New Hampshire, Jan.1st 1752
1 legal year = 12 calendar mth. (100 leg.yr. = 1 century)
1 lunar yr. = 12 lunar mth. (13 lun.yr. + 6 emb.yr. = 1 epoch)
1 embolismic yr. = 13 lunar mth. (13 lun.yr. + 6 emb.yr. = 1 epoch)
1 common yr. = 365 solar days  
1 leap yr. = 366 solar days (leap yr. every 4th yr. except yr. ending 00, unless ÷ by 400)
old leap or old maid's day = Scotswoman Day (Yr.1288) 29Feb1748 (if refusal, forfeit silk dress/pr.gloves)
new leap or old maid's day = Scotswoman Day 29Feb1752 (Sadie Hawkins Ball, 1st/2nd or 3rd Sat. - Nov.)
old vernal/spring equinox = March 9th or 10th in northern latitudes before September 2nd 1752
new vernal/spring equinox = on or about March 21st in northern latitudes from&after September 2nd 1752
1 Julian yr. = 365 1/4 solar days
1 tropical or solar yr. = 365 days 5 hr. 48' 49" solar
a sabbath yr. = 7th or 14th or 21st or 28th or 35th or 42nd or 49th leg.yr.
a jubilee yr. = 50th leg.yr. (the leg.yr. after the 7th sabbath yr., ((7 x7) + 1 = 50))
1 epoch = nr. exact 19 leg.yr. (Metonic cycle of all tides & all alignments of sun & moon)
Afternoon Watch = 12 M - 4 p.m. (ship watch)
First Dog Watch = 4 p.m. - 6 p.m. (dodge watch)
Last Dog Watch = 6 p.m. - 8 p.m. (dodge watch)
Evening Watch = 8 p.m. - 12 a.m. (ship watch)
Middle Watch = 12 a.m. - 4 a.m. (ship watch)
Morning Watch = 4 a.m. - 8 a.m. (ship watch)
Forenoon Watch = 8 a.m. - 12 M (ship watch)
1/2 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. glass 1 bell B
1 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. & 1 hr. glasses 2 bells B-B
1 1/2 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. glass 3 bells B-B_B
2 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. & 1 hr. glasses 4 bells B-B_B-B
2 1/2 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. glass 5 bells B-B_B-B_B
3 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. & 1 hr. glasses 6 bells B-B_B-B_B-B
3 1/2 hr. of watch = turnover 1/2 hr. glass 7 bells B-B_B-B_B-B_B
4 hr. of watch = t/o 1/2 hr. & 1 hr. & 4 hr. glasses 8 bells B-B_B-B_B-B_B-B
all hands on deck = starboard watch on ship's starboard/righthand/offside
all hands on deck = larboard/port watch on ship's larboard/port/lefthand/nearside
watch only on deck = 1st part of starboard watch on ship's starboard
watch only on deck = 2nd part of starboard watch on ship's larboard/port
watch only on deck = 1st part of larboard/port watch on ship's starboard
watch only on deck = 2nd part of larboard/port watch on ship's larboard/port
Dusk/Sun-Set Watch = 6 p.m. - 9 p.m. (1st town watch)
Midnight Watch = 9 p.m. - 12 a.m. (2nd town watch)
Cock-Crow Watch = 12 a.m. - 3 a.m. (3rd town watch)
Dawn/Sun-Rise Watch = 3 a.m. - 6 a.m. (4th town watch)
       
86400" sidereal time = 86164" solar time  
86400" solar time = 86636.64" sidereal time  
86400" of time = 6 x 60/15 x 60 x 60" of time (60 - sexagesimal)
1,296,000" of arc = 6 x 60 x 60 x 60" of arc (60 - sexagesimal)
1,296,000" of arc = 6 x 216,000" of arc  
     
Babylon/Assyria cube = (6 x 10) x (6 x 10) x (6 x 10) (216,000)
Egypt/Arabic cube = 10 x 10 x 10 (1000)
216 = 6 x 6 x 6  
1000 = 10 x 10 x 10  
1.216 = ((10 x 10 x 10) ÷ 1000) + ((6 x 6 x 6) ÷ 1000)
1 Equator / meridian = 1.216 x 108,000,000 feet (131,328,000 ft.)
1 sextant of Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 18,000,000 feet (21,888,000 ft.)
1 degree Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 300,000 feet (364,800 ft.)
1 minute Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 5000 feet or 1 militia mile (6080 ft. or 1 ntl. mile)
1 second Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 1000 inches (1216 in.)
1/10 sec. Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 100 inches (121.6 in.)
1/100 sec. Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 10 inches (12.16 in.)
1/1000 sec. Eq./mer. = 1.216 x 1 inch (1.216 in.)
1 fluid ounce (1.80 cu.in.) =/> 1.216 x 1.216 x 1.216 inch (1.798045696 cu.in.)
1 fl.oz. (1.800 cu.in.) = 1 av. ounce wine or butter (437 1/2 grains)
1 fl.oz. (1.800 cu.in.) = 1000/960 av.oz. distilled water @ max.dens. @ 39.2°
1.728 cu.in. = 1 av.oz. d. water @ max.dens. (1.2 x 1.2 x 1.2 in.)
1.728 cu.in. = 1 av.oz. distilled water @ max.dens. (1.0000000 specific gravity)
1.872 cu.in. = 1 av.oz. olive-oil (0.9230769 (12/13) specific gravity)
1.800 cu.in. (1 fl.oz.) = (1/2 av.oz. olive-oil) + (1/2 av.oz. d. water) (0.9600000 specific gravity)
1.000 cu.in. = 1 av.oz. ivory (1.7280000 specific gravity)
1 cu.ft. = 960 av.oz. wine = 1728 cu.in. (12 x 12 x 12 in.)
1 cu.ft. = 1000 av.oz. d. water = 1728 cu.in. (12 x 12 x 12 in.)
1 cu.ft. = 60 av.lb. wine (3 + 4 + 5 = 12) (3 x 4 x 5 = 60)
1 cu.ft. = 1000/16 av.lb. distilled water @ max.dens. @ 39.2°
1 cu.ft. = 1000/16 troy lb. wheat
1 cu.ft. = 64 av.lb. sea water (1 av. bushel sea water)
1 cu.ft. = 60 fl.pt 1 fluid pint = 28.8000 cu.in.
1 cu.ft. = 360/7 dry pt. 1 dry pint = 33.6000 cu.in.
1 cu.ft. = 60/8 fl.gal. 1 fluid gallon = 230.400 cu.in.
1 cu.ft. = 360/56 dry gal. 1 dry gallon = 268.800 cu.in.
1 cu.ft. = 3(4 in.) x 4(3 in.) x 5(2.4 in.) (1728 cu.in.) (60 fl.pt.)
1 cu.ft. = 8(1.5 in.) x 10(1.2 in.) x 12(1 in.) (1728 cu.in.) (960 fl.oz.)
1 cu.ft. = 10(1.2 in.) x 10(1.2 in.) x 10(1.2 in.) (1728 cu.in.) (1000 av.oz. water)
960 fl.oz. (1 cu.ft.) = 960 farthings = 240 pennies = 20 shillings = U.S. £1 pound
960 av.oz. wine = 960 farthings = 240 pennies = 20 shillings = U.S. £1 pound
1 av.lb. sea water = 27.000 cu.in.    
1 av.lb. distill. water = 27.648 cu.in. (U.K. Yr.1826) (1 et.pt.)
1 troy lb. wheat = 27.648 cu.in.    
1 av.lb. wine = 28.800 cu.in. (1 av.lb. butter) (1 fl.pt.)
1 av.lb. wheat = 33.600 cu.in.   (1 dry pt.)
1 long lb. wheat = 34.560 cu.in.    
1 av.lb. rye = 34.560 cu.in. (U.K. Yr.1826) (1 imp.pt.)
1 av.lb. ethyl alcohol = 35.000 cu.in.   (1 ex.pt.)
1/1000" of arc Equator/mer. = one side of 1 fl.oz. cube of common fluid measure (1.216 in.)
1 circle or Eq./mer. = 6 sextants (131,328,000 ft.)
1 sextant circle or Eq./mer. = 60 degrees (6 x 10) (21,888,000 ft.)
1 degree circle or Eq./mer. = 60 min. of arc (6 x 10) (364,800 ft.)
1 minute circle or Eq./mer. = 60 sec. of arc (6 x 10) (6080 ft. or 1 ntl. mile)
1 second circle or Eq./mer. = 1/60 min. of arc   (1216 in.)
1 sidereal day or Equator = 6 sextants   (131,328,000 ft.)
1 sextant sidereal day = 4 hours ((6 x 10) ÷ 15) (21,888,000 ft.)
1 hour sidereal day = 60 min. of time (6 x 10) (5,472,000 ft.)
1 minute sidereal day = 60 sec. of time (6 x 10) (91,200 ft. or 15 ntl. miles)
1 second sidereal day = 1/60 min. of time   (1520 ft.)
1 explicit ounce = 1.2 x 1.2 x 1.2 inch (1.728 cu.in.) (Yr.1826)
1 et.oz. (1.728 cu.in.) = 1 av.oz. distilled water @ max.dens. @ 39.2 F (Yr.1826)
1 cu.ft. = 1000 av.oz. distilled water = 1728 cu.in. (12 x 12 x 12 in.)
1000 et.oz. (1 cu.ft.) = 1000 mills = 100 cents = 10 dimes = U.K. $1 dollar (Yr.1826)
1000 av.oz. distilled water = 1000 mills = 100 cents = 10 dimes = U.K. $1 dollar (Yr.1826)
6/6080" of arc Equator/mer. = one side of 1 et.oz. cube of The Britains explicit measure = 1.2 in. (Yr.1826)
   
Mar. 1st 1457 = Protestant Episcopal Church of Bohemia & Moravia
Nov. 10th 1483 birthday = Martin Luther, Doctor of Theology, University of Wittenberg, Saxony
Jul. 10th 1509 birthday = John Calvin, Doctor of Law, University of Orleans, France
Oct. 31st 1517 = Halloween - Martin Luther nails 95 theses to Wittenberg Cst.Ch. door, Saxony
Apr. 29th 1534 = Act of Supremacy (1st) - Utd. Protestant Episcopal Ch. of England & Ireland
Apr. 25th 1539 = Utd. Protestant Episcopal Ch. of Eng. & Ire. pub. T. Cromwell's Great Bible
Fahrenheit 451 = by Ray Bradbury, Town of Los Angeles, Calif. pub. Oct. 1953, Ballantine #41
Fahrenheit 451 = temperature @ which Bible book paper bursts into flame
Fahrenheit 451 = Jul. 19th 1553 - Nov. 17th 1558, Papist Queen "Bloody Mary" Mary I Tudor
Fahrenheit 451 = Jan.20 1554/5 - Nov.17 1558, english Bibles & 288 Protestants burn. @stake
Fahrenheit 451 = Oct.16 1555 Hugh Latimer, Bishop of Worcester & Martyr burned Oxford, Eng.
Fahrenheit 451 = Oct.16 1555 Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of Rochester & Martyr burn. Oxford, Eng.
Fahrenheit 451 Oct.16 1555, "Be of good cheer, Master Ridley, and play the man, for we shall
  this day light such a candle in England as I trust by God's grace shall never
  be put out." Hugh Latimer
Nov. 17th 1558 = Accession of Queen Elizabeth Tudor, England, Ireland, & Wales
Nov. 3rd 1559 = Act of Supremacy (2nd) - Utd. Protestant Episcopal Ch. of England & Ireland
Mar. 26th 1560 = Town of Geneva pub. Whittingham/Gilby/Sampson eng. 1560 Geneva Bible
Aug. 17th 1560 = Reformed Presbyterian Ch. of Scotland adopts english 1560 Geneva Bible
Nov. 17th 1563 = John Foxe's "Book of Martyrs" placed in churches by Queen Elizabeth Tudor
Aug. 24th 1572 = Massacre of Paris - Catherine de'Medici - sodomy murder rape 100,000 Prot.
Jul. 17th - Sep. 11th 1588 = The Protestant Wind & English Navy defeat Papist Armada, Britanic Islands
Nov. 17th 1588 = Utd. Protestant Episcopal Ch. of Eng. & Ire. pub. W. Morgan's welsh Bible
May 1st 1591 = Cambridge University, England, publishes english 1591 Geneva Bible
Apr. 25th 1599 birthday = Republic of England, Scotland & Ireland, Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell
Nov. 17th 1599 = Town of Geneva, Switzerland, publishes english 1599 Geneva Bible
Nov. 5th 1605 = Liberty Day - 10368 av.lb. Gunpowder Plot found under Ho. Lords&Commons
(Nov. 5th 1605) = (Thanksgiving Day) Hebrew Days of Deliverance Liturgy, Parl.Act 1606/62/89
(Nov. 5th 1605) = (Thanksgiving Day) Hebrew Days of Deliverance Liturgy repeal Parl.Act 1859
Jan. 30th/31st 1605/6 = Middlesex Sheriff executes Gunpowder Plotters/Papists convicted of treason
May 14th 1607 = Godspeed, Susan Constant & Discovery anchor, Jamestown, James R. Virg.
Jul. 29th 1611 = King James I Stuart publishes Authorized Version of The Bible & Apocrypha
Nov. 11th 1620 = Good Ship Mayflower anchors, Mayflower Compact sig., Cape Cod,New Eng.
Jul. 30th 1623 = Thanksgiving Day - Plymouth Colony Gen.Ct. for summer crops saved by rain
Jun. 7th 1628 = Petition of Right - Ho. Peers/Lords & Impeach./Com. v. King Charles I Stuart
Jul. 20th 1629 = Humiliation Day - Salem, Mass. Cong. Church elects a pastor & a teacher
Aug. 6th 1629 = Humiliation Day - Salem, Mass. Congregational Ch. elects elder & deacons
Feb. 22nd 1630/1 = Thanksgiving Day - Mass. Colony Gen.Ct. Feb. 9th supply ship Lion anchors
Nov. 6th 1632 = Battle of Lutzen, Saxony, King Gustav II of the Swedes, Goths & Wends
Nov. 17th 1640 = Thanksgiving Day - Long Parliament resolution, Nov. 17th 1558, Queen Eliz.
Jan. 4th 1641/2 = King + 400 guards enters Hse. of Commons & attempts arrest of 5 members
Jan. 10th 1641/2 = Militia Ordinance - military officers now to hold Parl. commissions, not King's
Jan. 2nd 1648/9 = Hse. of Peers/Ld. refuses to try King impeached Dec. 13th 1648, for treason
Jan. 4th 1648/9 = Hse. of Impeach./Com. abolishes Hse. of Lords - single chamber Parliament
Jan. 6th 1648/9 = Hse. of Impeach./Com. creates High Ct. of Justice & Pres. John Bradshaw
Jan. 20th 1648/9 = Parl. Army 1st Instrument of Government & High Ct. of Justice trial of King
Jan. 27th 1648/9 = High Court of Justice with President John Bradshaw convicts King of treason
Jan. 30th 1648/9 = Middx. Sheriff & Parliament Army execution of Traitor King Charles I Stuart
May 19th 1649 = Republic of England, Scotland & Ireland Act - Hse. of Impeach./Commons
Jan. 2nd 1650/1 = Engagement to the Republic Act - House of Impeachment/Commons
Jan. 2nd 1650/1 "I do declare and promise that I will be true and faithful to the Republic of
  England, Scotland & Ireland, as it is now established, without a King or
  House of Lords." all men over 18 yr. old
Sep. 27th 1650 = Parl. Act. - Lord's Day (Sun.) only permanent holiday, Rep. Eng. Scot. & Ire.
Sep. 27th 1650 = Parl. Act - authorities may call Humiliation Days, Republic Eng. Scot. & Ire.
Sep. 27th 1650 = Parl. Act - authorities may call Thanksgiving Days, Republic Eng. Scot. & Ire.
Nov. 4th 1650 birthday = United States of The Netherlands, Statesholder & Prince William of Orange
Dec. 16th 1653 = Nominated Assembly 2nd Inst. of Govt. - single chamber Parl. Sep. 3rd 1654
Jun. 24th 1675 = Humiliation Day - Plymouth Colony Gen. Court, King Philip Indian War begins
Jun. 29th 1676 = Thanksgiving Day - Charleston Cong.Ch. & Town, Mass. Kg.Philip War victory
May 27th 1679 = Habeas Corpus Act - Ho. Peers/Ld. & Impeach./Com. v. King Charles II Stuart
Oct. 18th 1685 = King Louis XIV "dragonnade" all Prot. children forcibly converted to popery
Nov. 5th 1688 = Liberty Day (Thanksgiving) Prince Will.of Orange&Nassau lands Torbay, Eng.
Feb. 13th 1688/9 = Bill of Rights - Convention Parliament, Hse. of Peers/Ld. & Impeach./Com.
Apr. 30th 1690 = Humiliation Day - Plymouth Colony General Court, for severe drought
Jul. 1st 1690 = Abdicator/Papist King James II Stuart defeat Boyne R. Ire. (now Falange Eire)
Jan. 14th 1696/7 = Humiliation Day - Mass. Province General Court, 1691/2 Salem witch trials
Mar. 8th 1714/5 = King Louis XIV Bourbon expels all Protestants from Kingdom of France
Sep. 22nd 1722 birthday = Governor Samuel Adams, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, U.S. of Amer.
May 14th 1724 = Fra.King Louis XV: all Prot. to turkish slave galleys & Prot. ministers executed
Feb. 11th 1731/2 family = George Washington, Sth.Va.Foot Militia Lt-General, birthday (Julian calendar)
Feb. 22nd 1731/2 official = George Washington, Sth.Va.Foot Militia Lt-General, birthday (Chesterfield's)
May 28th 1754 = Va.Militia Lt.Col. G. Washington attacks Papist Forces nr.Chestnut Ridge, Pa.
Jun. 8th - 26th 1758 = Papist Fortress Louisbourg taken, Prov.of New France (now Nova/New Scot.)
Nov. 5th 1765 = Liberty Day - "Papists Day" Boston, Mass. Brit.Stamp Act protests & Loyalist 9
Nov. 20th 1772 = Rights of Colonists - S. Adams, pub. by Town Meeting Town of Boston, Mass.
Jun. 1st 1774 = Humiliation Day - Virg. Ho. of Burgesses, Mass.govt.susp. & Boston Port shut
Oct. 14th 1774 = Declaration of Rights - United Provinces of Nth. America Congress, Phil. Pa.
Apr. 19th 1775 = Humiliation Day - Wednesday, Conn.Colony Gen. Assembly, prevent civil war
Apr. 19th 1775 = Crown attempts firearm confiscation at Concord, seat Mass. Provincial Cong.
Jul. 6th 1775 = Declaration of Arms - Utd. Colonies of Amer. Continental Cong., Philadelphia
Jul. 20th 1775 = Humiliation Day - Thursday, United Colonies Cong. Phil. Pa. outbreak of war
Mar. 17th 1776 = Evacuation Day - Dorchester Hts. fortified, Crown Forces evacuate Boston
May 17th 1776 = Humiliation Day - Friday, Utd. Colonies Cong. Phil. vindictive administration
Jul. 4th 1776 = Declaration of Independence - United States of America Congress, Phil. Pa.
Dec. 25th 1776 = G. Washington Sgt.Maj.Gen. crosses ice-choked Del. R. at McKonkey's Ferry
Sep. 19th - Oct. 17th 1777 = Crown defeat, Saratoga, New York Crown State (now New York Free State)
Dec. 18th 1777 = Thanksgiving Day - Thursday, U.S. of Amer. Cong. York, Pa. Saratoga victory
May 6th 1779 = Humiliation Day - Thursday, U.S. of Amer. Congress, Phil. for calamitous war
Sep. 12th 1782 = U.S. Cong. orders R. Aitken of Phil. to pub. King James Bible w/o Apocrypha
Nov. 28th 1782 = Thanksgiving Day - Thursday, U.S. of Amer. Cong. Phil. for divine goodness
   
red phrygian liberty cap = "William & Mary Giving the Cap of Libety to Europe" (Orange Tree of Liberty)
red phrygian liberty cap = "Prince & Princess of Orange & Nassau Giving the Cap of Liberty to Europe"
red phrygian liberty cap = painting by James Thornhill (1700) Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich, Eng.
red phrygian liberty cap = Royal Naval Hospital founded 1694 by Queen Mary II (Princess of Orange)
     
LEATHER SEALER'S OFFICE, Londonderry, Vt. April 8th 1826 Rory Ely Cole
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Copyright © MMII Rory Ely Cole