Common Commercial Symbols & Abbreviations (June 15th 1215)
$ (7$ 9d. 9 1/2c.) = dollar/s, as $7.995 ($$ - Straits of Gibraltar, or Pillars of Hercules)
£ (1£ 19s. 11 3/4d.) = pound/s sterling, as 1£ 19'11 3/4 or as £1·19·11·3 (£ - libra)
-'- or -/- (-'11) (19'-) = shilling/s, as 1£ 19'11 3/4 (one pound, nineteen & eleven & three-quarters)
#   = av.lb. if written after a numeral (31 1/2#) (lb. - libra)
# = number, if written before a numeral (#31 1/2)
°   = degree, as 1° 59' 59 3/4" angle, or 98.6° temperature
'   = foot, as 1' 11" 11''' 11'''' length, or minute, as 59' angle
" = ditto, inch, or second, as 59" angle
''' = ligne, mustardseed, or third, as 59''' angle
'''' = douzieme, hairbreadth
% = per cent, as 98 7/16% (98.4375%) (984375/1000000)
= per mille, as 984 3/8‰ (984.375‰) (984375/1000000)
* = born
& = and, as "Smith, Jones & Co."
&c or etc. = (et cetera) and so forth
A = statute acre/s, as 1A 3r. 39p. or as A1·3·39 or as A1.99375
a. = anna
@ = at, as @ $19 9d. 9 1/2c. a gt.gro.
-/a = are
a/c or acct. = account
ad val = (ad valorem) value
Al or alum. = aluminium
aM = avoirdupois minim
a.m. or A.M. = (ante meridiem) after midnight to before noon, 12 M is noon
amt = amount
ans. = answer
ap. = apothecaries'
Apr. = April
a/s = account sales
ASG = American Screw Gage ((shank dia. - 0.056'') ÷ 0.01300)
Aug. = August
av. = avoirdupois, average
avdp. or avoir. = avoirdupois
avge. = average
AWG = American Wire Gage (Brown & Sharpe Wire Gage)
bal. = balance
bbl. or brl. = barrel
bcn. = barleycorn
bjk. = blackjack
bk. = book, bank, bulk, dry, sec, seche
bl. = bale
b/l = bill of lading
bla. = blank
bra. = braza
brl. or bbl. = barrel
BSGWG = Birmingham Silver & Gold Wire Gage
BSWG = Brown & Sharpe Wire Gage (American Wire Gage)
BTU = Britains Thermal Unit
bu. or bush. = bushel, windle, winnel
buc. = bucket, tovet, kenning (NOT ken of 6 miles), kerosene-tin
bush. or bu. = bushel, windle, winnel
BWG = Birmingham Wire Gage (Stub's Iron Wire Gage)
bx. = box
C = (centum) hundred, (congius) gallon, Consulate/Celsiusgrade temperature
c. = cent, statute square chain, statute chain
© = copyrighted
c/a = centiare
cal. = caliber, california
cam. = cambridge
card. = cardinal
cb. = coomb
cbl. = cable
cd. = cord
c.fr. = cost & freight
c.f.i. = cost freight & insurance
c/g = centigravre
ch. = chain
c/h = centiheure
chd. = chalder
chg. = charge
cho. = chopine, pint
ci or cu.in. = cubic inch/s
c.i.f. = carriage and insurance free
cir. = circular
ck. = check
c/l = centilitre
c/m = centimetre
cml. = commercial
Co. = company, county
c/o = care of
c.o.d. = collect on delivery
coll. = collection
com. = common, commission
Cr. = credit, creditor
cr. = crate
cs. = case
c/s = centistere
csp. or egs. = coffeespoon, eggspoon
Ct = N.E.R.E./Centigrade temperature
ct. = carat
ctl. = cental, 100 av.lb. or 100 av.pt., 100 fl.pt., 100 dry pt., 100 imp.pt.
ctr. = centner, 112 av.lb. or 112 av.pt., 112 fl.pt., 112 dry pt., 112 imp.pt.
c-tsp. or rsp. = cook-teaspoon (80 fM), kitchen-teaspoon, recipespoon
cu. = cubic
cun. = cunningham
cwt. = hundredweight
d. = disme, dime, (denarius) penny/pence/pennies
da. = day
d/a = days after acceptance
da/a = deca-are
da/g = decagravre
da/l = decalitre
da/m = decametre
da/s = decastere
dbl. = double
Dec. = December
dec. = deceased
deg. (°) = degree
dept. = department
dft. = draft
dhm. or d-tsp. = drachm (60 fM), drug-teaspoon
dia. = diameter
di/a = deciare
di/g = decigravre
di/h = deciheure
di/l = decilitre
di/m = decimetre
di/s = decistere
disc. = discount
do. (") = ditto
dol. = dollar/s, piece-of-8, 8-bits, 8-reals, peso, crown, buckskin, continental
dou. or hbth. ('''') = douzieme, hairbreadth
doz. = dozen, as 12
dp. = drop
Dr. = debit, debtor, doctor
dr. = dram (30 aM)
dry = bulk, sec, seche
d/s = days after sight
dsp. = dessertspoon (160 fM)
dt. = digit
d-tsp. or dhm. = drug-teaspoon (60 fM), drachm
dut. = dutch
dwt. or pwt. = pennyweight, sterling, pinch
E = east, eagle, escruple, scruple
ea. = each
e.g. = (exempli gratia) for example
egs. or csp. = eggspoon, coffeespoon
eM = explicit minim
Eq. = Equator
et. = explicit
etc. or &c = (et cetera) and so forth
ex. = example, excise, exercise, express, except
exch. = exchange
exp. = expense
ex.pt. = excise pint (1 excise pint = 35.000 cu.in.)
ex. works = buyer bears all costs of transport from seller's premises
F or ° = degree, common/Fahrenheit temperature
f or fu. or fur. = statute furlong
f. = (quadrans) farthing/s, foot, fine
f° or fo = folio
f.a.k. = freight all kinds
fbm. = board foot (foot, board measure)
f-box = field-box
f.c.l. = full container load
Feb. = February
FEU = forty foot equivalent unit
f.i.s. = free into store
fl. = fluid, liquid
fM = fluid minim
fm. or fth. = fathom
fn. = firkin, keg
fo or f° = folio
f.o.b. = free on board
f.o.w. = free on wharf
fr. = french, fresh
Fri. = Friday
frt. = freight
ft. (') = foot
fth. or fm. = fathom
fu. or fur. or f = furlong, stadium, shot
G = gage, guage
g. = gunter square link, guinea
-/g = gravre
ga. = gage, guage
gal. = gallon
G.I. = government issue
gi. = gill, jill, noggin
gr. = grain
gro. = gross, as 144, or 12 x 12
gt.gro. = great gross, as 1728, or 12 x 12 x 12
guar. = guarantee
gun. = gunter
H = hour/s, as 1H 59' 59" 59''' or as H1·59·59·59
-/h = heure
h/a = hectoare
hans. = hansard
hbth. or dou. ('''') = hairbreadth, douzieme
hd. = hand, head
hf. = half
h/g = hectogravre
hhd. = hogshead
h/l = hectolitre
h/m = hectometre
HP = brake horsepower
hr. = hour
h/s = hectostere
hun. = hundred, (100) short hundred, (120) long hundred
hvy. = heavy
i.e. = (id est) that is
imp. = improved, imperial
in. (") = inch
inc. or incl. = include/s
ins. = insurance
inst. = (instant) the present month
int. = interest
inv. = invoice
inv'y = inventory
IWG = Improved/Imperial Wire Gage (Standard Wire Gage)
Jan. = January
jct. = junction
ji. = jill, gill, noggin
jig. = jigger
jk. = jack
Jul. = July
Jun. = June
k/a = kiloare
ken. = kenning (NOT ken of 6 miles), tovet, bucket
kg. = keg, firkin, king
k/g = kilogravre
kim. = kimnel
kkn. = kilderkin, runlet
k/l = kilolitre
k/m = kilometre
kn. = knot
k/s = kilostere
kt. = karat
k-tsp. or rsp. = (80 fM) kitchen-teaspoon, cooks-teaspoon, recipespoon
Kv = Kelvingrade temperature
L = line/s
-/l = litre
lat. = latitude
Lb = old av.lb. as Lb1·15·23 or new av.lb. as Lb1:15:15
lb. = (libra) pound/s, pint, punnet, chopine
l/c = letter of credit
l.c.l. = less than container load
lgr. = leiger
lig. or m-seed (''') = ligne, mustardseed
liq. = liquid, fluid
lislb. = 1 hansard lispound/stone, 1/16 hansard shippound, 18 avoirdupois lb.
lk. = link
lon. = longitude
lp = list price
lr.oz. = leather-ounce
L.S. = (locus sigillis) place for the seal
lt. = light
ltd. = limited
M = meridiem, noon, midday, mille, minim, statute mile
12 M = meridiem, noon, midday
m or ml. or mi. = statute mile
m. = mill/s
-/m = metre
m/a = milliare
Mar. = March
mdse. = merchandise
meas. = measure
mer. = meridian
merc. = merchant
m/g = milligravre
Mh = mohur
m/h = milliheure
mi. or ml. or m = mile
min. (') = minute
mk. = mark, cup
ml. or mi. or m = mile
m/l = millilitre
m/m = millimetre
mo. = month
Mon. = Monday
mortg. = mortgage
m/s = millistere
m-seed or lig. (''') = mustardseed, ligne
my. = myte, mite
N = north
naut. or ntl. = nautical
NE = north-east
nere or N.E.R.E. = Napoleon Emperor's Republic of Europe
nlth. = nail-length
no. = number
Nov. = November
ntl. or naut. = nautical
num. = numeral
NW = north-west
nwt. = nailweight
O = (octarius) pint
Oct. = October
oct. = octave
O.K. = correct, all correct (Ole Korrect)
oz. = ounce, shot, coffeescoop
p. = stt. pale, stt. pitch (not fl. pitch), stt.sq. pole, stt.sq. pike
par. = paragraph
pay't = payment
p-b. = pear-barley, pot-barley
pc. = piece
pch. = perch
pd. = paid
per = by, by the, as in "per C" "per M" "per doz." "per gt.gro."
pfd. = preferred
ph. or stg. = pinch, sterling, pennyweight
pic. = picard
pk. = peck
pkg. = package
p.m. or P.M. = (post meridiem) after noon to midnight, 12·00·00·0 p.m. is midnight
po. = pole, rod, fall, lug, pike
pot. = pottle, pitcher
pp. = pages
pr. = pair
pri. = prime
prox. = (proximo) in the following month
pt. = pint, pound, punnet, chopine, point
pun. = puncheon
PWG = Providence Wire Gage
pwt. or dwt. = pennyweight, sterling, pinch
q. or f. = (quadrans) farthing/s, quarter
qr. = quire (as 24 paper sheets)
qt. = quart, pitch
qtr. = quarter
qu. = queen
R = Directorate/Reaumurgrade temperature
r. = statute rood, statute farthingdeal, statute arpent, rupee
® = registered trademark
rad. = radian
ras. = raser
rat. = rathborne
rd. = rod, pole, fall, lug, pike, road
rec'd = received
rec't = receipt
ref. = reference
rev. = reverse
Rk = Rankine temperature
rm. = ream, as 480 paper sheets, or 20 x 24 paper sheets
RR = railroad
rsp. or c-tsp. = recipespoon (80 fM), kitchen-teaspoon, cook-teaspoon
S = south
S. or Sig. = write - used in prescriptions to indicate directions to be put on medicine pk.
s. = shilling/s
-/s = stere
Sat. = Saturday
s-butt = scuttlebutt
scr. or ssp. = scruple, saltspoon, snuffspoon
SE = south-east
sec. (") = second, section
sec'y = secretary
Sep. or Sept. = September
set = settlement
shiplb. = 1 hansard shippound, 1 avoirdupois octave, 16 hansard lispounds
sh.lk. = shaftment link (6.6 in.)
sig. = signed, signature
SIWG = Stub's Iron Wire Gage (Birmingham Wire Gage)
sms. = sweetmeatspoon (120 fM)
sov. = sovereign
sq. = square
ssp. = saltspoon, snuffspoon, scruple
SSWG = Stub's Steel Wire Gage
st. = stone, street
stat. or stt. = statute
std. = standard
stg. or dwt. = sterling, pennyweight, pinch
stk. = stock
str. = strike
stt. or stat. = statute
Sun. = Sunday
superf. = superficial
SW = south-west
SWG = Standard Wire Gage (Improved/Imperial Wire Gage)
T. or t. = ton
tbs. = tablespoon, loth
tce. = tierce, cran
tdd. = thirdendal
temp. = temperature
TEU = twenty foot equivalent unit
Thu. = Thursday
t-hen = tappet-hen
tM = tower minim
tp. or twp. = township, 23040 statute acres, 36 stt.sq.ml., 1 stt.sq. ken
tq. or tqtr. = townquarter, 5760 statute acres, 9 stt.sq.ml., 1 stt.sq. league
treas. = treasurer, treasury
tsec. or tsect. = townsection, 640 statute acres, 1 statute square mile
tsp. = drug-teaspoon (60 fM), cook-teaspoon (80 fM)
tt. = tovet, bucket, kenning (NOT ken of 6 miles), kerosene-tin
Tue. or Tues. = Tuesday
twp. or tp. = township, 23040 statute acres, 36 stt.sq.ml., 1 stt.sq. ken
typ. = type
ult. = (ultimo) in the last month
USSWG = United States Steel Wire Gage (Washburn & Moen Steel Wire Gage)
va. = vara
via = by the way of
viz. = (videlicet) namely
vol. = volume
W = west
Wed. = Wednesday
win. = winchester
wk. = week
WMSWG = Washburn & Moen Steel Wire Gage (United States Steel Wire Gage)
WSG = Wilkinson Screw Gage ((shank dia. - 0.060'') ÷ 0.01300)
wt. = weight
X = sawbuck, eagle
yd. = yard
yr. = year
f° or fo = folio
4° or 4to = quarto
8° or 8vo = octavo
12° or 12mo = twelvemo (duodecimo)
16° or 16 mo = sixteenmo (sextodecimo)
18° or 18mo = eighteenmo (octodecimo)
24° or 24mo = twenty-fourmo
32° or 32mo = thirty-twomo
48° or 48mo = forty-eightmo
   
port $ = lefthand pillar of fire/gold or Mt. Ceuta/King Solomon's Temple
starboard $ = righthand pillar of smoke/silver or Rock of Gibraltar/King Solomon's Temple
pillar of fire ($) = Flight from Egypt - during that night to lead the Jews to the Red Sea
pillar of smoke ($) = Flight from Egypt - during that day to hide the Jews from Pharaoh's Army
1000 yr. secret of bronze = Britain (Bars-Of-Tin, or Islands of Bri-Tain) & Phoenician Alliance copper
$$ = exit to World's End or Barra Tannica (Islands of Tin, or Isl. of Bri-Tain)
$$ = Pillars of Hercules & exit to World's End
$$ = Straits of Gibraltar & entrance to Britannic Islands
$$ = King Solomon's Temple 2 pillar doorway, l/h pillar gold & r/h pillar silver
$$ = King Solomon's Temple, Jeruselem, Kingdom of Judea & Israel
$ = I8I, eight reals coin, piece of eight
$ = I5I, five shillings coin
starboard = ship's or boat's righthand or offside (seas & rivers)
larboard = boat's lefthand or nearside (rivers only)
port = ship's or boat's lefthand or nearside (seas only)
port = U.K. Royal Navy ship's/boat's lefthand/nearside (Nov. 22nd 1844)
port = U.S. Navy ship's/boat's lefthand/nearside (Feb. 18th 1846)
       
LEATHER SEALER'S OFFICE, Londonderry, Vt. April 8th 1826 Rory Ely Cole
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Copyright © MMII Rory Ely Cole